It is proposed to levy new fees on 22 types of small business services
Car repair shops, beauty salons, dry cleaners, photo shops, sewing workshops, taxis and even paid toilets can impose additional fees. In total, 22 types of the most popular small business services among the population can fall under them. Including restaurants and shops.
Naturally, their prices may also rise. And this will happen next year, if a bill of amendments to the Tax Code is adopted. This document has already been submitted to the State Duma by the State Duma Committee on Budget and Taxes.
According to the authors, this will help replenish regional budgets. According to various estimates, new fees can bring the local treasury from 20 to 30 billion rubles a year. However, RG experts are worried that all this would “kill the chicken that lays the golden eggs”. The problem of budget deficits must be solved in a different way, says Aleksey Altyntsev, associate professor at the Department of State Regulation of Economics, RANEPA.
According to the estimates of the OPORA Rossii All-Russian Public Organization of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, the sector designated 22 types of services employs today up to 70 percent of small companies in the country. For each of the services, the Tax Code will establish basic tax rates from 6 thousand rubles to 600 thousand. For example, dry cleaning services, car repair, jewelry, sewing workshops, hairdressers, it is proposed to levy a base rate – from 60 thousand to 300 thousand rubles. At the same time, local authorities have the right to “not touch” these rates, or to reduce to zero, while maintaining the types of businesses necessary for the population, or to increase to the maximum, that is, ten times. Then businessmen will pay a fee of 600 thousand and 3 million rubles.
The size of the fee will depend on the size of the room. For example, for every square meter of a trading floor or cafe with an area of over 50 squares, the owners will have to “deposit” 6 thousand rubles into the treasury.
“The smaller the area, the higher the deductions, 600 thousand rubles,” explains Ivan Efremenkov, head of the center for the examination and analytics of entrepreneurship problems at OPORA Russia. “At the same time, it will be possible to close small shops and cafes in less visited places.” For paid toilets, there is a base rate of 300 thousand rubles.
The same amendments proposed a new hotel fee. Its basic rate will be 50 rubles for full and incomplete nights. True, hostels, recreation centers, and medical centers are exempted from the collection.