Chinese Five-Year Plan: General View One of the most significant economic events of the past year was the adoption in mid-March of the 13th five-year plan of the PRC. Of course, modern Chinese five-year plans are not at all what happened in the USSR, which ended just in the midst of the 13th (!) Five-year plan, or in the pre-reform Maoist China of the first five-year plans (suffice it to note that 11 heads of private companies). The Chinese economy is truly “market” in the sense that its manufacturing enterprises, including state-owned ones, do not coordinate their plans due to centrally approved standards regarding who, how much, what and for whom to produce, but they are built by themselves based on our own vision of the market: as a rule, not a five-year one (although various options for long-term contracts are possible), but for a shorter one. That is, the Chinese “five-year plan” is not, strictly speaking, planning — it looks more like what was called “programming” or “indicative planning” in Soviet economic science, but, more simply, a mixture of state regulation and budget policy (budget allocation funds – on the one hand, setting directions, including priority areas for investment, – on the other), which includes a fair share of the market forecast. Nevertheless, given the scale of the country’s economy and the actual one-party system of its political system, which strengthens this Keynesian invasion of the spontaneity of the market, the Chinese plan, as a pretty bunch of Keynesian stabilizing principles, is a serious factor in the development of events both in the world capitalist system as a whole and from the point of view view of the unevenness of its development. Therefore, it is worthwhile to dwell on it in more detail, at the same time and analyzing the social nature of this plan.
The 13th five-year plan covers the years 2016-2020 – just before the moment when, according to the program of the Communist Party of China, the construction period of the so-called “middle-income society” should end. Last but not least, that is why the plan in the mouth of official heralds is accompanied by slogan notations such as “everything for people”, “especially for women”, “end poverty”, “innovativeness”, “environmental friendliness”, etc., which serious attention should be paid, but many of which still have real characteristics of the alleged economic development that require closer examination.